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Chapter 1

Chapter 1: State-of-the-art in policy and regulation of radio spectrum

Abstract

This chapter sets the stage for the rest of book by presenting the current state of affairs in the management of radio spectrum and related standardisation and regulatory initiatives pertaining to the emerging fields of CR and DSA.

Section 1.1 discusses the international structure of spectrum management from the global ITU level down to the regional and national level. It also outlines how the ITU has started approaching the consideration of DSA challenges. The next section 1.2 looks at how these efforts have been matched by the European regulators. Next, two sections 1.3 and 1.4 examine the complex issue of standardisation of CR/DSA technologies, starting from the general overview of work in global and regional standardisation bodies, followed by the analysis of drivers and obstacles. Standardisation is particularly covered because it has intrinsic interactions with regulation. For example, a well-targeted standardisation initiative involving strong industry players and perhaps an industry association can provide significant motivation for regulators to adapt regulations to support that initiative, in support of economic/industrial and national interests.
The chapter is concluded by section 1.5 that takes a closer look at the develop-ments in two countries that have been particular champions of CR technologies: namely the United States and the United Kingdom. This is done particularly with a viewpoint on the status of TV White Space access implementation – currently a key driver of DSA.

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